Halacha is the law of the Jewish life. It is a Hebrew term that means “go” or “walk”. The Jewish people are required to follow a set of principles and behave in a certain manner. Torah is the base of Judaism. It is full of instructions, directives, statutes, laws, and rules. These laws have to be followed in letter and spirit. This forms the basics of Jewish law.
Writing and Talking:
The words of the Torah are the basics of Judaism. Any religious Jew will not violate the principles laid down in the book. However, there is Jewish law that is inspired by teaching that is connected or based on it. This system is known as the Oral Torah. This happened around 400 BCE. The conditions under which the Jews were living were different than the earlier time. So to assess this situation, the Rabbis enacted new laws to keep with the laws of the Torah. This process of interpreting, modifying, and introducing rules is how the laws develop. There is a proper system developed to keep into account the laws of the Torah, and assess the current circumstances.
Leaders, and researchers:
This became an important part of Jewish law. Every time, some Jewish teachers and thinkers had understood religion better than the others. They rose to the rabbinic leadership of their communities. They would be asked queries, and individuals as well as other Rabbis will send them a question regarding the religion, and Jewish thought. These questions and answers have been preserved and are also a good source of Halacha. In the middle ages, so much emphasis was put on the Jewish Legal writing, and the body was so voluminous. There were so many documents prepared that gave an insight into the Jewish law. One such example is Maimonides‘ Mishneh Torah compiled in the 11th century.
Modernity and Halacha
The earlier system collapsed with the modernity. Some rabbis rejected the earlier notion, and even the ways prescribed by the other rabbis. The law can be interpreted according to the knowledge, and the belief of your community. The descendants of both traditionalists and reformers interpret the law according to the principles of their communities. Jewish law is a binding law for a Jew, but individual perspectives can matter. There can be a difference in how one person believes individually, and regarding the approach to Halacha. It is considered as a valid and valued source of precedent.
Jews believe that if you want to get close to God, you must study the books Torah and the laws. They need to be followed. They include how to worship God, and how to behave to other people.
Jewish law is the framework that tells Jewish people how to behave to others, as well as the ways of worship. Anybody who is a Jew is required to follow these set of rules. There are various interpretations of the law, and the belief od the community also is a factor.